"nature is a streamers-and-all, non-stop, cork-popping party of death... This party of death is, of course, at the same time a cork-popping party of life. For all the tadpoles that perish, some still make it to become frogs, and have been doing so for at least 200 million years. Those that don’t are the stuff of life for countless other creatures, from the littlest insect larvae to grand old storks. Indeed, frogs are regarded as a keystone species, which means that the death of their multitudinous offspring, along with the death that they themselves deal out, is crucial to the flourishing of the community of life. In the language of ecology, life and death are obligate symbionts, each wholly dependent on the other."Stephen Cave is an English philosopher and journalist. His latest book is Immortality: The Quest to Live Forever and How it Drives Civilisation (2012). He lives in Berlin.
Saturday, July 26, 2014
Friday, July 11, 2014
There is a difference between useful provincial memes and universally valid statements. For instance the statement "hard work leads to success" is a good useful meme provincially but it is not universally valid. Success can come at different times for a variety of reasons but as a useful meme it is good to operate with a meme to program or trigger action. Another example "Fortune favors the brave" is a good useful meme to encourage or trigger action but again it is not universally valid because sometimes being brave is not enough for good fortune.
Benjamin Franklin who wrote many popular wisdom sayings stated "The early bird catches the worm." However when he was working successfully as an Ambassador to France for the United States government he would stay up late with his French network and sleep in. His diplomatic efforts in France required a different type of schedule and work than his particular meme about the early bird.
Self Esteem memes or motivational memes may be useful in a provincial and personal context but that does not mean they are universally valid and that it considers and encompasses every important fact and variable.
Thursday, July 10, 2014
‘It would be more pardonable to believe in no god at all, than to blaspheme him by the atrocious attributes of Calvin.’ Thomas JeffersonKathryn Gin Lum: A 2013 Harris Poll found that while 74 per cent of US adults believe in God and 68 per cent believe in heaven, only 58 per cent believe in the devil and in hell, down four percentage points from 2005.Yet only 25 per cent of US adults polled actively do not believe in hell, while another 18 per cent are unsure.
"The mind is its own place and in itself, can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heaven." John Milton
Monday, July 7, 2014
I had this series brought to my attention. Your Move. My initial thoughts regarding this Christian apologetics series:
I think this applies to people who are casual believers and casual unbelievers meaning people who have not really thought of why they believe or why they do not and just go on auto pilot with no real reflection. I would say sadly this is the majority because human life is so crushing with physical necessity(food and sleep) and social economic necessity(rent out your brain and time in exchange for resources) that it is rare that an individual can spend a great deal of time and resources on searching and studying in a careful and reflective manner the big questions of human existence.
I am sure many of you have heard of the following no matter your ideological point of view - You only think or believe that because ____. Fill in the blank. You have religious parents. You had a bad experience. You had a good experience. You are negative. You are optimistic. All can play this game. C.S. Lewis in his essay ""On Obstinacy in Belief" argued that wish thinking does not necessarily negate whether his faith is valid or not. On the opposite spectrum negative thinking or "sinful" thinking does not negate whether unbelief is valid or not. These pursuits of deconstruction may be good to discount the other or in the best light understand the other but if you are a sincere truth seeker you should not rest on deconstructing other mortal primates alone.
Christian apologists should remember that one of the most formidable Christians ever, the Apostle Paul, did not convert because of a mathematical equation or a rational argument but because of an emotional and physical experience on the road to Damascus.
I can speak for myself and state that whether I was a believer or a skeptic I tried to challenge (within my knowledge capacity at the time) what others thought within my group and out of it. All men can be deconstructed of course the believer and the unbeliever. You can say that one is religious because of their mate, their community, and so forth. You can also flip that and say the same thing for those that are not religious. The believer and the unbeliever are both human and prone to fragility and emotive responses. It was David Hume who stated that Reason is the slave of the passions. As one psychologist stated Man is not a rational animal but a rationalizing animal.
I could simply say they(persons who have converted due to their relationships) believe because of their relationships but again even if that is so it does not mean that therefor their religion is false. In the same way someone could deconvert from a religion for bad reasons or bad relationships but it does not mean that their conclusion of unbelief is invalid. Some people turn to faith out of convenience and some turn away from faith due to convenience but how do we find out what is true despite the inconsistent human psychology. Either way we all can be deconstructed. What matters in the end is what is true.
The intention may be good to understand where "the other" is coming from but it also can be used as a way to negate the other. To simply define them and deconstruct them as a way to ignore the actual ideas themselves. As Kierkegaard stated once you label me you negate me.
People can believe the right things for the wrong reasons. They can believe good things for bad reasons. A skeptic can be a skeptic for bad reasons and a believer can believe for bad reasons. Like it is too hard, go with the crowd, favor, community, friends, and so forth. At times religion is beneficial and at times it is not. At times unbelief is beneficial and at other times it is not. But again the question Pilate asked the Nazarene becomes paramount all else is political and tribal posturing. "What is Truth"
In the end what is true? What concepts and ideas are closer to reality?
Despite the smugness, mud slinging, ad hominem attacks and so forth that work in the political battle for ideas... when it comes to pure philosophy one should love wisdom above all else and try to seek it in humility if possible.
I appreciate all those who take these ideas serious and care to take time to engage in them.